The opening and closing sections make much use of a chugging bass ostinato, with the middle section given over to music of a more gentle character. The finale is a dazzling showcase for the soloist. The lightning-flash opening section returns to finish the movement, but in between are themes Jimi Hendrix The Cry Of Love contrasting character in which the soloist frequently charges forth alone, the orchestra sitting silently amid the pianistic fireworks.
He composed The Planets between and ; the orchestration was completed early in Albert Coates led the public premiere of the work on November 15, The score calls for two piccolos, four flutes, bass flute, three oboes, English horn, bass oboe, three clarinets, bass clarinet, three bassoons, contrabassoon, six horns, four trumpets, three trombones, tenor and bass tubas, timpani, percussion, celesta, two harps, organ, strings, and female Various Downtown 81. Duration is about 50 Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets.
Then recently the character of each planet suggested lots to me, and I have been studying astrology fairly closely. The composition of the work occupied him for over three years. Jupiter, Venus, and Mars were written in prophetically, Mars, the Bringer John Cage Atlas Eclipticalis With Winter Music War was completed only weeks before the assassination at Sarajevo precipitated the start of the First World War ; Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune followed inand Mercury a year after that.
Except for Neptuneall the movements were originally written for two pianos rather than directly into orchestral score, probably because Holst was then having painful problems with his writing hand due to severe arthritis. For the mystical Neptune movement, Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets considered the percussive sounds of the piano too harsh, and wrote it first as an organ piece.
There is no program music in them, neither have they any connection with the deities of classical mythology bearing the same names.
If any guide to the music is required, the subtitle to each piece will be found sufficient, especially if it is used in a broad sense. For instance, Jupiter brings jollity in the normal sense, and also the more ceremonial kind of rejoicing associated with religious or national festivities. Saturn Various Songs From Aladdin not only physical decay, but also a vision of fulfillment.
The staggering hammerblows of Mars, the Bringer of War are followed by the sweet luminosity of Venus, the Bringer of Peace.
Each of the remaining movements cuts as distinctive a figure as the first two. Mercury, the Winged Messenger is a nimble scherzo that seems, like the fast movements of Baroque music, to be a stream of notes spinning infinitely through the cosmos of which the composer has revealed only a small segment.
Hard upon Jupiterwhich reportedly inspired the charwomen cleaning the hall during rehearsals Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets the premiere to toss away their mops and dance a little jig, follow the lugubrious solemnities of Saturn, the Bringer of Old Agethe movement Holst declared to be his favorite piece in the suite. This music is invested with a weighty, Mahlerian seriousness that recalls Das Lied von der Erde. Uranus, the Magician is shown as a rather portly prestidigitator who includes perhaps more broad humor than baffling legerdemain in his act.
Preludes take place at p. Izabel will lead guests through the process and Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets of planning an orchestral concert season. There will be a Talkback on Friday, April 17, The suite has seven movements, each named after a planet and its corresponding astrological character see Planets in astrology :.
Holst's original title, as seen on the handwritten full score, was "Seven Pieces for Large Orchestra". A typical performance of all seven movements is about fifty minutes long, though Holst's own electric recording from is just over forty-two and a half minutes. One explanation for the suite's structure, presented by Holst scholar Raymond Head, is the ruling of astrological signs of the zodiac by the planets:  if the signs are listed along with Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets ruling planets in the traditional order starting with Ariesignoring duplication and the luminaries the Sun and Moonthe order of the movements corresponds.
Critic David Hurwitz offers an alternative explanation for the piece's structure: that Jupiter is the centrepoint of the suite and that the movements on either side are in mirror images. Thus Mars involves motion and Neptune is static; Venus is sublime while Uranus is vulgar, and Mercury is light and scherzando while Saturn is heavy and plodding.
This hypothesis is lent credence by the fact that the two outer movements, Mars and Neptune, are both written in rather unusual quintuple meter. Holst suffered neuritis in his right arm, which caused him to seek help from Vally Lasker and Nora Day, two amanuensesin scoring The Planets. Neptune was one of the first pieces of orchestral music to have a fade-out ending,  although several composers including Joseph Haydn in the finale of his Farewell Symphony had achieved a similar effect by different means.
Holst stipulates that the women's choruses are "to be placed in an adjoining room, the door of which is to be left open until the last bar of Cal Tjader Hip Vibrations piece, when it is to be slowly and silently closed", and that the final bar scored for choruses alone is "to be repeated until the sound is lost in the distance".
Several attempts have been made, for a variety of reasons, to append further music to Holst's suite, though by far the most common presentation of the music in the concert hall and on record remains Holst's original seven-movement version. Pluto was discovered in Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets, four years before Holst's death, and was hailed by astronomers as the ninth planet.
Lee Morgan City Lights, however, expressed no interest in writing a movement for the new planet.
He had become disillusioned by the popularity of the suite, believing that it Black Jade Contempo too much attention away from his other works. In the final broadcast of his Young People's Concerts series in March,the conductor Leonard Bernstein led the New York Philharmonic through Gal Costa Gal Canta Caymmi fairly straight interpretation of the suite, though he discarded the Saturn movement because he thought the theme of old age was irrelevant to a concert for children.
The broadcast concluded with an improvised performance he called "Pluto, the Unpredictable". Matthews also changed the ending of Neptune slightly so that movement would lead directly into Pluto.
The suite was arranged for concert band and premiered in The work contains original themes, themes from The Planets, and other popular Holst melodies. This definition excluded Pluto as a planet and added it as a member of the new category of " dwarf planets ", along with Eris and Ceres. Wilson composed a trombone quintet piece titled "Songs of Distant Earth". Clarke 's novel of the same name. Unlike Matthews' composition, this work is not intended to be incorporated into a Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets of Holst's suite.
The composition contains five movements, each named Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets one of the five then-known dwarf planets:. Holst adapted the melody of the central section of Jupiter in to fit the metre of a poem beginning " I Vow to Thee, My Country ". As a hymn tune it has the title Thaxtedafter the town in Essex where Holst lived for many years, and it has also been used for other hymns, such as "O God beyond all praising"  and "We Praise You and Acknowledge You" with lyrics by Rev.
Stephen P. The hymn was first performed in and quickly became a patriotic anthem. Although Holst had no such patriotic intentions when he originally composed the music, these adaptations have encouraged others [ who? The melody was also adapted and set to lyrics by Charlie Skarbek and titled " World in Union ". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Orchestral suite by Gustav Holst. This Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets is about the orchestral suite by Gustav Holst.
For the celestial body, see Planet. For the planets in the solar system, see Solar System. For other uses, see Planet disambiguation. So we're going to do The Planetsand you've got to conduct. Celesta Organ. Mars, the Bringer of War. Venus, the Bringer of Peace. Mercury, the Winged Messenger.
Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity. No British composer cast his sights further than Gustav Holst, who gave us a rich-hued, mystical view of the solar system in The Planets. Pre-concert Talk presented one hour prior to each performance. Free with ticket purchase. Running time. Jonathon Heyward is forging a career, as one the most exciting conductors of his generation. Over its past four decades, the Chorale has grown in artistry and stature, establishing itself as a highly respected ensemble.
Led by Music Director Thomas Dausgaard, the Seattle Symphony unleashes the power of music, brings people together and lifts the Gustav Holst The London Symphony Orchestra The Planets spirit.
New Music WORKS features commissions, concerts and educational activities that use composition as a catalyst for collaboration and engagement in music.
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