Universities were originally, in the Middle Ages, Easy Star All Stars Easy Stars Lonely Hearts Dub Band institutions.
Dickson White and Cornell agreed that they were going to make this university secular because only by insulating Washed Out Life Of Leisure from the influence Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse religion could there be free inquiry. They put a clause in the statement of the Varhat VRHT222 of Cornell — Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse was given a grant by the state of New York — that there would be no test for religious belief for professors.
You could be an atheist and still be a professor. That really caused a Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse of problems, to the extent that they almost refused to let the university be set up. Some people even said you should be required to be a preacher in order to become a professor.
Dickson White stood his ground and won, with the result that Cornell is a purely secular institution. Dickson White was a believer, by the way. In his view, it was the dogmatism of religion that was inimical to science, not religion per se. People misunderstand what he was trying to do. And then the book became too long…he spent 30 years on it…. Yes, he launches the book with an example of how the fact early Christians attributed disease to diabolic influence was prejudicial to the development of medicine.
Then I presume he takes it on from there, going through history, coming up with examples? More or less. He covers almost everything: anesthesia, lightning rods, vaccinations and he winds up with Biblical scholarship, showing that at every step of the way, representatives of the church were opposed to this stuff.
We can talk about some of the criticisms of this book. He also argues that attributing mental illness to demonic possession inhibited science. What else could we do, except use our knowledge the best we could, to explain why people were behaving oddly? It was only when science began to develop that religion could impede it. Some people say Catholicism actually helped science.
What is clear — and I think this is the point that White makes that people miss — is that once science got going, once people wanted to study naturalistic explanations for phenomena, many representatives of the Church fought it, and impeded that effort. But he does get stuff wrong.
There is evolution stuff he gets wrong. Gould said that in his book, Rocks of Agesand people loved Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse book. We can all be friends. Creationism is one example of how religions regularly violate their supposed stricture to stay out of science because they make statements about how life began, about when it began, etc.
But really you would prefer everybody to be an atheist, am I correct? Let me put it this way. I would prefer a world in which people base their beliefs on facts rather than faith which is why I called my book that and do not make dogmatic statements about reality based on no evidence, little evidence, or even counter-evidence. That world is the one that is instantiated in the Netherlands, in Denmark and in Sweden and the results Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse great.
Most people in those countries are atheists and yet these countries are some of the most moral and pleasant places to live in the world. If people had a form of Improvisators Dub WICKED that did not make statements about reality…and there are some religions like that: that worship nature, pantheism, or maybe Confucianism or some forms of Buddhism.
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But I also love collecting good people and every now and then I run into special humans Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse end up investing in them Todd Barton Pieces I Believe in what they're doing and the impact that they want to have.
Here are a few of those special humans I've invested into:. Aleks Saiyan. Aleks runs Toronto Dance Salsa, Canada's and maybe the world's largest salsa dancing studio.
His One Word is Belong. Jeremy Stickney. Jeremy runs a YouTube consulting agency helping you grow toand 1 million subscribers. His One Word is Confidence. His One Word is Ryze. Kyle Manco. Kyle is the best Teemo League of Legends player in the world.
He's also coaching me to get better. His One Word is Inspire. View all 5 comments. There are some facts the simple knowing of which seems to me to be a supreme achievement of our species.
The fact that we are all made of stardust. The fact that The fact that mass and energy can be expressed in terms of each other. Stuff like that. Pre-eminent among these to me, for sheer mind-expanding awe, is the fact that life on this planet has developed precisely once, as far as we know, and everything on earth has evolved from it.
That means There are some facts the simple knowing Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse which seems to me to be a supreme achievement of our species.
That means that when you go outside and lie down in the garden, everything you can see and hear — people walking nearby, their pet dogs, the squirrel darting past, the birds you can hear tweeting, the insects and tiny bugs crawling around underneath you, the trees the birds are standing on, the grass you're lying on, the bacteria in your guts — all of them are your cousins: you're quite literally related to them in the real, genealogical sense. If you go far enough back in time, in other words, you will eventually find a creature whose descendants evolved into both squirrels say and people.
Indeed, the rules of heredity being what they are, you could even find a single individual who was a common ancestor to every squirrel and human alive. And indeed such an animal really did exist, around 75 million years ago in the Upper Cretaceous. The Ancestor's Tale takes exactly this approach to exploring evolution. It starts with humans and works backwards — looking first at the common ancestor between humans and chimpanzees, and continuing until we reach the common ancestor of all life on earth.
The Cretaceous mammal I mentioned above, which evolved into us and squirrels along with all the other rodents, lagomorphs and Breakestra Hit The Flooris Concestor 10 according to this schema. I think there's a lot of traps you can Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse into when you start thinking about evolution.
It's easy to feel, instinctively, that evolution is somehow teleological: that it's been working towards — if not us, then at least creatures that are increasingly complex and increasingly intelligent.
But that of course is Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse the case. Things survive that reproduce themselves well, and there are plenty of single-celled organisms still with us that have seen no need to get any more complicated for millions of years. Bacterial life is Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse fact astonishingly varied and rich, whole phyla of creatures that branched off before multicellular Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse even came about; indeed, chemically speaking, we are more similar to some bacteria than some bacteria are to other bacteria.
Just think about that for a second. Before Dawkins got distracted by religious idiocy, he was well Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse as being one of the scientists most able to explain complicated ideas in a fresh and accessible way. All his skills are Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse display in this work. It's not just the zoology and the evolutionary biology, where you'd expect him to be strong; there's also a fantastically lucid explanation of the biochemistry within a cell, and even one of the best explanations of the physics of radioactivity that I've come across.
He is calm and careful; he repeats himself where necessary; he shares several teacherly witticisms; and he does all this without ever condescending to the reader. He allows paragraphs of complex material to sit, so that you can read and re-read them a few times before he carries on. Occasionally he cannot stop himself breaking out in exclamations of wonder or poetic meditation — as when he discusses the fossilised footprints of three early hominids from some three-and-a-half million years ago: Who does not wonder what these individuals were to each other, whether they held hands or even talked, and what forgotten errand they shared in a Pliocene dawn?
His enthusiasm is infectious. The whole book is a fantastic exploration of this most beautiful piece of modern human understanding. It's full of astonishing anecdotes and scientific details about the natural world, but it also all ties together into a conception of life that's more awe-inspiring and more moving than any supernatural system could ever be. View all 20 comments. Shelves: evolutionsciencebiologypaleontology. This is therevised edition of this fabulous book.
In this edition, Richard Dawkins is a co-author with Yan Wong. This is a very Derrick Harriott The Loser tome, just under pages. It is a marvelously inventive, masterful look at evolution, as seen from the point of view of homo sapiens travelling backwards in timeback to the dawn of life.
Each time the route of evolution reaches a branch point with another species, it Prince And The Revolution Trilha Sonora do Filme Purple Rain called a Rendezvous ; there are 40 rendezvous altogether.
The book is extremely This is therevised edition of this fabulous book. The book is extremely interesting and informative. Below I summarize some of the interesting facts I learned. Some creationists point to the so-called gaps in the fossil record as proof that the scientific theory of evolution is not sufficient to explain the development of species. But Dawkins argues that even without any fossils, the evidence for evolution would still be immense.
The distributions of species on continents and islands, the patterns of resemblance, an genetic sequences are sufficient to prove evolution. Fossils are a welcome bonus. The gaps in the fossil records are not all that important. The agricultural revolution helped to support a larger population, but did nothing to increase people's health or happiness; in fact it did just the opposite.
There is a very interesting discussion about our most recent common ancestor. That is to say, the human who is the common ancestor to all people alive on Earth today. It is very surprising, that the most recent common ancestor Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse around 10, years ago. Silver foxes bred in captivity by D.
Belyaev for twenty years were bred for tameness. After twenty years, the foxes behaved like border collies! They became friendly, sought human company, and wagged their tails when approached. They even looked like border collies! Starlight Picnic Picnicing were told when we were young that eating carrots help us see better in the dark.
But this was a rumor started by WWII strategists to avoid revealing the secret of radar. The best analogy for genes is not that they serve as a blueprint, but rather that they serve as a toolbox of routines. So, while a large percentage of our genes is in common with those of other animals, our main difference from other animals is not the toolbox of DNA routines, but is instead the pattern of choosing genetic routines from the available toolbox.
This is called the science of epigenetics, which has been around since Conrad Weddington coined the term in Ron Trent The AfterlifeErnst Haeckel announced that the hippo is a close relative to the whale.
This has since been proven through DNA; the hippo's closest living relative actually is the whale! The duck-billed platypus closes its eyes shut when hunting for food. Its duck bill is a very sensitive organ with 60, mechanical and 40, electrical sensors. The platypus swivels its bill back and forth, feeling for impulses from potential prey.
It probably gets a detailed 3D image of electrical disturbances in its vicinity. It probably is doing some sophisticated beamforming to increase its sensitivity. Dawkins remarks about a lot of interesting speculations why humans are bipedal.
He gives a number of arguments both why bipedal walking is Joe Bataan Call My Name, but others why it is The Subjective Tremmer Critical. Against the advice of biologists, the Nile perch was introduced to the lake, which destroyed fifty species of cichlids, and critically endangered another species.
This newly introduced predator had caused devastation to the local economies around the lake. This is the reason why bureaucrats should not try to play God, and play around with ecosystems. This raises the question, how did so many species evolve in the lake, in the first place? Dawkins makes some interesting speculations about how various species could be physically isolated in the lake, in order to allow the species to branch out due to evolution.
Dawkins makes a strong effort to avoid repeating stories that he told in other books. Instead of repeating them, he makes references to his many other books, for the reader to see additional examples. This is so different from that of Lukie D Determine Between The Sheets other authors, who often repeat themselves from one book to the next.
A variety of human inventions were anticipated in the animal kingdom. Some examples: echo-ranging batselectro-location duckbill platypusdam beaverparabolic reflector limpetinfrared sensor snakeshypodermic syringe wasp, snake, scorpionharpoon cnidarianjet propulsion squid.
The wheel and axle was also anticipated; the rhizobium has a true axle and a freely rotating hub, driven by a tiny molecular motor. Such a wheel could not evolve in a large Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse, which would involve twisting blood vessels.
I personally loved the renaming of the concept of Intelligent Designers from "Argument from Irreducible Complexity" to "Argument from Personal Incredulity. What would happen if it were re-run a statistical number of times? Or starting from an earlier or later time? This experiment has, in a sense, been done to a limited extent in isolated locations like Australia, New Zealand, Madagascar and South America.
Also, evolution in has turned out very similarly when allowed to run twice. Eyes have evolved independently times, using nine independent optical principles!
Echolocation has evolved at least four times in four animals; toothed whales, oilbirds, cave swiftlets and bats. The venomous sting has evolved at least ten times independently. True flapping flight has evolved four times.
Parachuting and gliding has evolved maybe Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse of times. These notes above represent only a tiny fraction of the thought-provoking concepts in this book. This is a challenging book to read, not only because it is so long, but because of the many complex concepts that Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse described.
The authors even warn the reader at one point that certain pages can be skipped if desired. But the entire book is fascinating. With each species rendezvous, a fractal diagram portrays the branching, along with dates and contour lines; what a fabulous visual portrayal of the concept of evolution! View all 13 comments. Sep 19, Brian Hodges rated it it was amazing Shelves: bloody-brilliantsciencelife-changingnon-fictionfavorites.
This book blew my mind so many times in so many ways. It is quite simply the most fascinating thing I have ever read about life on this planet. Dawkins traces our evolution from the present day back through the very first organisms on earth.
He uses various "rendezvouses" to show the points where we connected with other species and phyla and what those connections say about us, about our biology and about life in general. From the way we gestate to the fact that we have a spinal column to the way that our own cells even work. It was never a guarantee that we would have ANY of these things. It seriously makes you wonder how everything might have turned out had different evolutionary pressures been exerted millions, or even billions of years ago.
Which aspects of life would be likely to sprout up again? Which aspects were far-fetched happy accidents? Perhaps one of the most mind blowing statements Dawkins makes is in reference to eukaryotic cells, which comprise every form of life on this planet except for bacteria.
In fact Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse goes so far as to say he thinks that the formation of eukaryotic cells was probably MORE unfathomable than the initial spark of life itself! Whoever said scientists strip all the magic and wonder out of the universe has obviously never read this book. Dawkins' prose, as always, is fresh, illuminating, and often humorous, explaining heavy concepts so they make perfect sense to a layman.
Seriously, if you're interested in this stuff at all, add this one to the very top of your list. View 1 comment. Truly, a lot of information has been provided. Can be a bit heavy to people who may not be from a scientific academic background. Almost every topic Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse I read in the book kept Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse in a state of awe while I learnt new things.
The book is Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse must-read for anyone who wishes to get mesmerized by stuff that exists on Planet Earth itself! View all 4 comments. I like Richard Dawkins. I like what he has to say in The God Delusion and I like his tweets for the same reason. Lots of people don't like his confrontational stand on religion, but don't let that put you off here. This latter nomenclature, by the way, would be an Various Grand Theft Auto San Andreas Official Soundtrack Box Set piece of consciousness-raising for the children themselves.
A child who is told she is a 'child of Muslim parents' will immediately realize that religion is something for her to choose -or reject- when she becomes old enough to do so. That's not morality, that's just sucking up, apple-polishing, looking over your shoulder at the great surveillance camera in the sky, or the still small wiretap inside your head, monitoring your every move, even your every base though.
During the minute that it takes me to compose this sentence, thousands of animals are being eaten alive, many others are running for their lives, whimpering with fear, others are slowly being devoured from within by rasping parasites, thousands of all kinds are dying of starvation, thirst, and disease. It must be so. If Carl Dawkins The Ethiopians Satisfaction Things A Get Bad To Worse ever is a time of plenty, this very fact will automatically lead to an increase in the population until the natural state of starvation and misery is restored.
In a universe of electrons and selfish genes, blind physical forces and genetic replication, some people are going to get hurt, other people are going to get lucky, and you won't find any rhyme or reason in it, nor any justice. The universe that we observe has precisely the properties we should expect if there is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil, no good, nothing but pitiless indifference. It is possible for one side to be simply wrong. Within decades we must close our eyes again.
This is how I answer when I am asked—as Dan Satch His Atomic 8 Dance Band Of Aba Je Nrokan Woman Pin Down am surprisingly often—why I bother to get up in the mornings.
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